Most experts agree that European infrastructures need to be upgraded.

More than half of the water supply and sewerage systems, as well as transportation systems such as pipelines, roads, bridges, etc., were installed before 1970.

In addition, climate change is making roads, water supplies, sewer systems, dams and bridges more vulnerable to failures, due to an increase in extreme environmental actions.

Risk analysis methods provide powerful tools for the management of uncertainty in condition assessment, and are an important part of risk-based management decision-making.